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THEOSOPHY WORLD ---------------------------------- November, 2005

An Internet Magazine Dedicated to the Theosophical Philosophy
And its Practical Application in the Modern World

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to theos-world@theosophy.com.

(Please note that the materials presented in THEOSOPHY WORLD are
the intellectual property of their respective authors and may not
be reposted or otherwise republished without prior permission.)

==================================================================
CONTENTS

"Divine Ethics," by B.P. Wadia
"The Plagues of Our Public Meetings," by Anonymous
"The Virgin Birth," by G. de Purucker
"Musings of a Theosophist," by Emmanuel Ikan Astillero
"Review of 'Compassion: The Truth at the Heart of the Universe,'"
    by Dara Eklund
"A Talk About Theosophy," by Ella Wheeler Wilcox
"The Religion of William Blake," by John Middleton Murry
"About God," by Anonymous
"Relations With Masters," by Alexander Fullerton
"The Ethical Influence of a Belief in Reincarnation,"
    by Leoline L. Wright

==================================================================

> The Divine Laws are greater than the human laws; they are
> permanent and eternal and there is no change in them; political
> systems do not touch them, nor sectarian influences corrupt.
> Right thought and action can lift us for the time being, always,
> on to the plane of the Soul; and when we are there, we are
> raising the whole human race towards the level of its rights,
> possibilities, and spiritual heritage.
>
> -- Katherine Tingley, THE GODS AWAIT, page 64.

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DIVINE ETHICS

By B.P. Wadia

[From LIVING THE LIFE, pages 72-74.]

> In its practical bearing, Theosophy is purely DIVINE ETHICS.
>
> -- THE THEOSOPHICAL GLOSSARY, "Theosophia"

> All that was great, generous, heroic, was, in days of old, not
> only talked about and preached from pulpits as in our own time,
> but also ACTED UPON sometimes by whole nations.
>
> -- THE KEY TO THEOSOPHY, page 226

In numerous places, HPB emphasizes the importance of the practice
of Theosophical ethics by students. Theosophical ethics are not
something unique and special -- they are ancient, like the
metaphysical and philosophical doctrines of Theosophy.

"These ethics are the soul of the Wisdom-Religion, and were once
the common property of the initiates of all nations," wrote HPB.
Not only did Gautama and Jesus preach the ancient ethics, but
also with every attempt at Theosophizing any race or civilization
-- e.g., the movement founded by Ammonius Saccas -- these old
ethical principles were promulgated. The modern Movement founded
by HPB in 1875 follows the ancient pattern in this as in all
things. In THE KEY TO THEOSOPHY, she points out that "Theosophy
has to inculcate ethics," and in presenting moral teachings, she
uses the same principle as in offering philosophical teachings.
Just as she synthesized the teachings of every ancient school of
philosophy, she also did so in the sphere of ethics. She
declared:

> [The second of the Three Objects of the Society was] the serious
> study of the ancient world-religions for purposes of comparison
> and the selection therefrom of universal ethics.
>
> -- THE THEOSOPHICAL GLOSSARY, "Theosophical Society"

The exercise of these ethics in daily living unfolds "the latent
DIVINE powers in man" referred to by HPB in formulating the Third
Object.

In her KEY TO THEOSOPHY, she explains:

> They are the essence and cream of the world's ethics, gathered
> from the teachings of all the world's great reformers.
> Therefore, you will find represented therein Confucius and
> Zoroaster, Lao-tzu, and THE BHAGAVAD-GITA, the precepts of
> Gautama Buddha and Jesus of Nazareth, of Hillel and his school,
> as of Pythagoras, Socrates, Plato, and their schools.

The Moral Philosophy of the Wisdom Religion, like its living
science and its universal metaphysics, is the time-honored
expression of the Great Kosmos. The Kosmos is not only visible
and material but also is energetic and moral. If man's mind
derives from the Divine Mind, his soul is a ray of the Universal
Soul and lives by Moral Laws that manifest as Virtues.

In her FIVE MESSAGES TO THE AMERICAN THEOSOPHISTS, HPB states:

> The essence of Theosophy is the perfect harmonizing of the divine
> with the human in man, the adjustment of his god-like qualities
> and aspirations, and their sway over the terrestrial or animal
> passions in him.
>
> -- page 6

In promulgating Theosophy, it is necessary to bear this in mind:

> The function of Theosophists is to open men's hearts and
> understandings to charity, justice, and generosity, attributes
> which belong specifically to the human kingdom and are natural to
> man when he has developed the qualities of a human being.
>
> -- FIVE MESSAGES TO THE AMERICAN THEOSOPHISTS, page 9

So we have the task of unfolding our humanity and helping our
fellow men to do likewise. That this mission is not something
chimerical is explained thus:

> The life of altruism is not so much a high ideal as a matter of
> practice. Naturally, then, Theosophy finds a home in many hearts
> and minds, and strikes a resounding harmony as soon as it reaches
> the ears of those who are ready to listen. There, then, is part
> of your work: to lift high the torch of Liberty of the Soul of
> Truth that all may see it and benefit by its light.
>
> Therefore, it is that the Ethics of Theosophy are even more
> necessary to mankind than the scientific aspects of the psychic
> facts of nature and man.
>
> -- FIVE MESSAGES TO THE AMERICAN THEOSOPHISTS, page 12

How is this task different from what every church pulpit and
every social-service program is trying to accomplish? First, ours
is not a creedal or organizational appeal. Other institutions
refer to Christian ethics and Hindu morality, and sometimes mix
up religious ritualism and social customs with moral principles.
How can churches preach Universal Ethics any more than can a
political party? They are like business houses with their chants,
exploiting the self-interest of their adherents for sectarian
purposes. The practice of the Law of Universal Brotherhood is
not encouraged.

Secondly, while it is true that good conduct is stressed and
ethical values are discussed, the pure first principles of
morality rooted in the soil of universal philosophy are unknown.
TRUE philosophy is absent where salaried priests are present. In
the scientific researcher, too, altruism, pure and genuine, is
absent. It has taken our civilization over half a century to
recognize what Mahatma K.H. taught in 1880:

> Exact experimental science has nothing to do with morality,
> virtue, philanthropy -- therefore, can make no claim upon our
> help until it blends itself with metaphysics.
>
> -- U.L.T. Pamphlet No. 29, page 6

The use of the atom bomb to destroy two Japanese cities shocked
the conscience of almost the entire world and demonstrated man's
inhumanity to man, which the researches of modern science
encourage. Even today, the secrecy enveloping the progress of
the manufacture of destructive bombs remains unbroken. This is
not a manifestation of Universal Brotherhood founded on Universal
Ethics. Where are the scientists and where is the nation that
will break this black secrecy and compel the destruction of this
dark, destructive use of weapons? Will our India do it --
refusing to use the knowledge gained by its researchers in the
newly established research institutes, for nefarious, destructive
purposes? Will its scientists use their knowledge openly for the
constructive development of a peace-loving civilization -- not
national but international?

Not knowledge but heart enlightenment of a large number of men
and women will compel the national States to stop the destructive
use of the discoveries of modern science, and a similar
phenomenon must follow in the sphere of organized, creedal
religions.

The emergence of the international State implies international
citizenship. This must not be along politico-economic lines
only, but fundamentally along moral and spiritual lines.
Politics and economics will continue to be nationalistic unless
the real significance of Universal Brotherhood is perceived. For
its full perception, some practice of Divine Ethics is necessary.
Human beings must aspire to feel the Divinity within and begin to
act like shining gods, not as political animals.

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THE PLAGUES OF OUR PUBLIC MEETINGS

By Anonymous

[From THE PATH, December 1891, pages 275-78.]

A friend of mine who claims to be an earnest Theosophist, but is,
in fact, a rather criticizing, faultfinding, and uncharitable
fellow, is nevertheless very dear, and very near, to me. This
chap writes a funny letter to me concerning our public meetings,
a letter that I will read to you because the object of his
disaffection is also our own adversary, and we thus have common
cause with him this time.

"Dear brother," he writes, "what you say concerning your meetings
is very familiar to me. We have ours in good running order and
well attended now, but we had to go through the same experiences
as you have to at present. Your meetings will never thrive until
you have found the method to get rid of their never-tiring enemy
who is the same everywhere.

The Colorado-bug is the plague of the potato, tomato, and
eggplants, even kills the young settlings at once, and has not
met yet his conqueror. In like manner, public meetings of
whatever kind have a foe that is apt to kill the tender and young
ones among them, so that sometimes they have to be set anew, if
possible. This monster is the Crank. I have given some study to
this loathsome creature and discovered that it exists in three
distinct species, which I am going to describe scientifically for
the instruction and warning of the unwary meeting-culturer.

The three species have these common properties. First, they
belong as members to no society. Second, they are recklessly
selfish. Third, they invade whatever meeting gives opportunity
for questions and remarks from the audience. The reason why they
do not belong to any communities of their own is their murderous
loquacity that drives everyone away from them, that they are too
conceited to agree or work in sympathy with anybody, or that they
are too stingy to make any sacrifice, or all three reasons
together.

The least harmful of the three species of the meeting-killer is
the one I called Mr. Shallow simple. The elemental that runs
him only wants his tongue to have a good time a couple of hours
every week, wherever there is an opportunity, irrespective of any
other consideration whatever. Shallow is everywhere but at home
at meeting-hours in the city.

In such hours, Shallow goeth around as a roaring lion wagging his
tongue and seeking whom he may devour. No meeting is safe. Some
new society -- for instance, the Presbyterian Old Men's
Progressive Union, advertise their inauguration meeting, and you
are very glad of the opportunity, and do NOT go there, for you
are sure that Shallow will.

He knows by long experience that his water is too shallow to be
swallowed by the audience to any length of time satisfactory to
himself; he also feels that he has nothing refreshing and
healthful to soul and mind to give them. Therefore, he flavors
his speech with the sulfuric acid of opposition and irritation,
and thinks they will take it for lemonade.

"My dear friends," he says to the Reformers, in the tone of the
most fatherly benevolence, "why are you so dissatisfied with your
conditions? Your wages are not so bad. Why do you not, each of
you, save, say, a quarter a day for the rainy day? Wouldn't you
have eighty dollars in a year, and eight thousand dollars, each
of you, in a hundred years? Would not each of you be a
capitalist?"

"Shut up! Sit down! Who is that fool," they shout, and poor
Shallow has again to leave the floor.

Another time he tries his luck in the young Abheachabhrahyana
Branch of the Theosophical Society, and, imagining that they are
Buddhists, thus addresses them with the already-mentioned
fatherliness, "My dear friends! Why will you go back into the
darkness of the bygone ages, and dig up the dead teachings and
sayings of Paganism? This is no progress, friends; it is
retrogression! If you want to improve the ethical conditions of
mankind, why not study and expound the sublime doctrines of our
Christian Gospel? Is not our entire grand civilization based just
on this moral code of Christianity? What other age can boast of
such glorious attainments as ours in all departments? Have under
the ethical teachings of the Hindus such things been seen as the
steam engine, locomotive, steamship, telegraph, telephone,
phonograph, gunpowder, printing press, dynamite, firearms, breach
loaders, ironclads; and all those charitable institutions as
hospitals, poorhouses, almshouses, workhouses, Sunday morning
breakfast and Saturday evening soup associations, houses of
refuge, penitentiaries, and lunatic asylums?"

Here the chair ventures to state that the gentleman's mind is
wandering, that he is off the subject and had better retire.

Now, overall, Mr. Shallow does not so much harm; you can be done
with him in about ten minutes.

More dangerous is the second species that I call Mr. Hobbyrider.
This one is very often the Elijah or Jesus of the new
dispensation, one of the bashful kind, namely of those who try to
keep their mission secret, -- in vain, however, for it oozes out
everywhere, especially in their countenances. But usually
Hobbyrider is an ordinary mortal who only labors with a
philosophy of his own, because he has no chair to teach it from.
His system is based on some idea that any average thinker might
conceive and entertain for a while, but then would either discard
as wrong, or file somewhere in his memory as an old matter of
inferior order. But Hobbyrider is in love with this idea and
wants his bride to be recognized.

If the world of ours were ruled halfway by such a thing as
reason, he would be a professor of metaphysics at one of our
universities. Under the actual circumstances, however, he has to
hunt for an audience where he can get it; and it is a hard job
too, indeed! The old societies are too smart and too much on
their guard against starved tongues. They know they might as
easily stop a waterfall as his flow of speech once let loose.
They therefore use all kinds of tricks and have special
contrivances to keep him off their rostrums. That is why he has
set his eyes on innocent and inexperienced young Branches, whom
he captures and then taps at an awful rate, once he has them in
his grip.

The third and most insidious form of the meeting-bug is the one I
called the Man with the Puzzle. Suppose he is attending at the
Metaphysical Society's Weekly Meditating Meeting. He has taken
note of the subject of the introductory paper that is to be read,
and provided himself with a dozen of puzzling questions for all
cases.

He says, for instance, "The gentlemen who read the paper used the
word 'nature' several times. What do you understand by the term
nature?"

Someone answers as best he can. But, satisfactory or not, the
Man with the Puzzle has a definition of his own, and politely
begs leave to give it, -- which cannot be properly denied. Now
-- he has you! He is the one who defines the things before he
talks of them! In order to define "nature," he defines half a
dozen other terms. He takes his time. This being done, he also
TALKS about nature and the six other things, -- under three heads
and two subheads each.

Now those of the attendants who are theosophists of old standing
know at once what to do in such an emergency. Whilst apparently
listening to the Man with the Puzzle, they seize with rapture the
grand opportunity of subduing, by taking position in the higher
ego, the flames of impatience, indignation, and anger that are
arising from the depths of their Kama Manas; and they are very
successful in this exercise. What of the rest of the audience
who know nothing of this theosophical stratagem? They are ablaze
with rage at the lamb-like meekness of the chair and the members
of the society, and mentally swear by Mars and Saturn never to
attend any more.

Everything ends in this world of change. The chair looks at her
watch and discovers that the hour has struck for adjournment,
under useless attempts of Mr. Hobbyrider "to make a few
remarks." The Man with the Puzzle is triumphant, but the former
cannot go home of course in this explosive condition, and gives
vent to it in a private controversy with some of the leading
members; the result of which is an epistle received by the
secretary on the next day in which the whole Society is taxed
with ignorance, dogmatism, and Blavatsky-worship. And this end
is speedy and fortunate enough; but sometimes these fellows have
much perseverance, cunning, and moderation, and then they kill
you! In such contingencies, you have to suspend the right of
questioning entirely, until the last crank is starved out.

Now although aware of the danger that a crank is to a
theosophical branch, I always felt attracted to some of them,
understanding by the term simply a man who insists upon his own
philosophy in spite of any other. Perhaps the hope of bringing
them round was at the bottom of my intercourse with them. If it
was, it was a mistake. Such a man will read himself through ISIS
UNVEILED, THE SECRET DOCTRINE, and a dozen other books to find
whether they do not teach anything concerning his hobby. If they
do not, as they in fact do not, he scornfully rejects them as
chaff. Therefore, since I feel the value of time more keenly now
than before, I make it a rule to head off each bore as quickly as
possible, and to warn new Branches of the dangers that beset
them.

Truly yours,

-- K. W.

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THE VIRGIN BIRTH

By G. de Purucker

[From WIND OF THE SPIRIT, pages 116-19.]

The Christmas festival, and the teachings that have gone with it
from early Christian days, are not at all Christian in origin.
They never were invented by early Christian theologians or by
Christian devotees, but were all based upon current Pagan ideas
of the sanctuary. And this, very far from being an unusual event
in Christian history, was a very common thing, for the Christians
took over from the very philosophies and religions of the day
that later they scorned and rejected, the great bulk of the ideas
that in later times became what was known as Christian theology.

The early Christians were brought up in the Pagan world where it
was an acknowledged fact that there was an exoteric religion or
series of such religions, and a secret teaching kept only for
those who had proved themselves fit and worthy to receive the
teachings of the Mystery Schools, the secret things of the
Divine. All the exoteric faiths hid something wonderful,
sublimely majestic, taught within the sanctuary.

Get this fact clear, because it is history; and early Christian
historians always blurred over or forgot or passed by that idea,
without even a mere hint, and yet that is the atmosphere in which
Christianity was born. If you get this key and hold it in your
mind, you will have something by which you may unlock what has
been so difficult even to Christian theologians themselves not
merely to understand but to explain.

As regards the Virgin Birth, this is not anything original with
Christianity. The conception has been common over the face of
the earth from immemorial time. Many peoples in the archaic days
taught of virgins giving birth to great sages and seers, and you
may read this same story of Jesus the Avatara in other tongues
and after other ways, but having essentially the same fundamental
truth of a great man achieving manly divinity by a new birth. So
common was this idea that it was even popular exoteric language
of the streets and of the mart.

The Hindus spoke of a Dwija, a twice-born, the idea being that of
physical birth, born of the mother, as all sons of men are, but
when ready after training, receiving inner birth, inner
enlightenment, which was the second birth of the man, a new birth
into the light of the spirit. You see how grand this thing is
once we throw the light of Theosophy upon it. Yet it becomes no
longer Christian but universal. See how it appeals to the human
heart and to the human mind. How grand indeed shines the light
of truth upon the face of the man whose heart is enlightened by
the sense of his oneness with all! What pathos there is when the
sense of separateness drives him away from his oneness with other
men!

What did this teaching mean in the early days of Christianity?
Precisely what it meant in all the other great Pagan countries.
It represented scenes passed in the sanctuary where the neophyte
or disciple after long training had so developed his inner being,
his inner perceptions, that he was on the verge of becoming
Christos, a Christ, or as the wonderful Mahayana Buddhism has it,
a Bodhisattva. The next step would be that of Buddhahood. Even
in exoteric writings, this wonderful truth from the sanctuary was
spoken of as virgin birth, a second birth.

All the saviors of man in whatever country, of whatever clime,
and of whatever day, all the great ones, the sages and seers, the
Buddhas and Bodhisattvas of highest rank, the greatest, were all
born of the Mother, the Holy Spirit within. How beautiful, how
true! It appeals to us instantly, and it is in strict accord with
even the little that modern scientific research is beginning to
tell us of what they call psychology. We all recognize it when a
man's life is improved and raised by his own efforts and
strivings to become greater. It is the first faint dawn in the
mystic east, the beginning as it were of the holy birth pangs
whereby a man becomes super-man.

In time, he becomes an incarnate god, the god within. He
thereafter manifests through the Christ-child, and the man of
flesh becomes responsive to the inner flame, the inner light, the
inner fire. See you not what dignity this lends to us human
beings? What hope for the future for those who dare, who strive,
and who keep silent!

Here is a very significant thing in early Christian writings. If
Mary were virgin, how could she give birth to children? In early
Christian scripture, there occurs a remarkable passage in the
Greek Christian writings. Rendered into English, it means: My
Mother, the Holy Spirit -- for the Holy Spirit, the Holy Ghost,
amongst primitive Christians was always feminine, never masculine
as it became afterwards -- my Mother, the Holy Spirit, took me by
the hair of my head and brought me to the holy Mount Athor. Do
you get it? Here is the spirit in me, the Holy Spirit, my Mother
from whom I was born, born anew, no longer born of the flesh but
born of the spirit: born first of water according to the flesh,
then born of fire according to the spirit: the first birth and
the second birth.

This is indeed the virgin birth; for the spirit of man, a ray
from the divine, from the ineffable, is eternally virgin, and yet
eternally fecund, eternally productive. The cosmic Christ is
born of the cosmic Spirit, feminine also in ancient time, and in
the same way is the spiritual man feminine, and in the holiness
of achievement gives birth to the Bodhisattva, the Christ-child,
and from then on, the man is infilled with the holiness of the
spirit pouring through him from the source divine.

What connection has all this with the Sun? From immemorial time,
Father Sun was looked upon with reverence: not necessarily the
physical globe clothed with beauty, light, splendor, and vital
energy, the giver of light unto his own kingdom, but the divinity
within and above and behind that sun as of all other stars. Our
sun was an emblem of the cosmic spirit, for through that sun
poured these floods of vital splendor and life and light: light
for the mind and love for the heart, without which no man is man.

Even the Christians used to sing hymns to the sun, record of
which is still extant, outside of other references, in a
communication by Pliny, governor of Bithynia and Pontus, to the
Emperor Trajan in Rome. He said that in his jurisdiction, the
Christians seemed to be innocent and harmless folk, for they
assembled every morning at rise of the sun and sang hymns to that
divinity. And in a collection of old Christian hymns, we have
one of those hymns to the sun still extant, something I have
often quoted.

In English, it can be translated thus: "Oh thou true sun, shine
on forever, glittering with perpetual light. (Now hearken to
this.) Image of the holy spirit (not merely a creation of holy
spirit but its image), image of the holy spirit, infill us full."
No Farsi or so-called Sun worshiper ever created a more typical
hymn to the sun than these early Christians did. These earliest
Christians knew what they meant; they did not worship the
physical sun, it was the divine light, teaching what the sun
stood for. The sun was the emblem, the image, of the Cosmic
Christ, not a creation of god, but the image of the Divine. Oh
thou true sun -- and the most common expression among the
Christians was to liken their Savior Jesus the Avatara to the
Sun.

I would that I had the time and could tell you more of the
recondite mysteries of this teaching, but I will merely say this:
that in man's constitution there is a solar element. Could it be
otherwise? There is a lunar element, and an element derivative
from every one of the planets. Even modern science tells us
today that we not merely share in the cosmic light, and as they
say the cosmic heat, that reaches us from Father Sun, but that
the very heat we get from the coal that we burn or the wood that
we burn, originally came from the sun. The atoms that compose it
are the same that passed through us; the solar body reaches not
merely the earth but all the other planets. Of course, there is
in us a solar element, a lunar element, and an element from each
of the planets. Otherwise, we should be incomplete. Man has
everything within himself that the Universe has!

I will just close with this thought. Even though a man have all
knowledge and have not love in his heart, it profiteth him
nothing; for it is simply a declaration that the man is
incomplete, unevolved, because, being a part of the Universe, he
does not show forth or manifest all that is in the Universe,
everything that the whole has. I might have all the truth in the
world, but I cannot understand it properly. I can reason and
think about it, but I do not get the coherency of the reality
because the heart is not yet awake within me. The magic key of
love flames not yet in my breast.

Just ask yourself this question: Two men you know. One has all
the knowledge in the world, but he is heartless; and the other is
a simple-minded man, is not sophisticated, but his heart is great
with love's universal, all-comprehensive sympathy. Which of the
twain would you choose for a companion, and one to whom you can
turn in time of trouble?

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MUSINGS OF A THEOSOPHIST

By Emmanuel Ikan Astillero

[This poem comes from a member of the Vidya Lodge of the
Theosophical Society in the Philippines.]

Thou art God thou know it not.
I am Spirit, clothed in man; 
The clothing I see, but my "Self" not.
I act the clothing, I live the clothes 
That cover me, and see it not.

I am Atman within and Brahman without, 
The two are one, but know it not.
Willy-nilly, I play the games, 
Enjoy the world, but know it not.

This body I call "me," when it dies, 
I think "I" die, but know it not.
In cycles live I -- a lifetime -- a day; 
Many days gone, many yet to come, I know it not.

So crave I for worldly life, 
Prolong it well, but know it not.
That I am Spirit, and if I knew -- 
I would be free, but know it not.

That while weighed by this cloth, 
I cannot fly, but know it not.
In fleshy cloth, its tight embrace, 
I lost my wings, and know it not.

Imprisoned in this cloth -- 
A slave of senses wild, but know it not.
In ignorance, I crave amusements -- 
People, places, gossip -- and know it not.

Gather sparkling stones, houses, 
Gadgets, friends and relations, and know it not.
These to be left behind 
As I cross to carry them not, they matter not.

When will I learn, when will I know, 
That of this world, all these are not?
That power and fame, bangles and laces, 
Are decors, I need them not?

That I am Spirit, cares for none, 
Owns none and needs none, is it not?
That I, traveler of stars, have baggage none, 
Will travel light, for I must fly?

To the brilliant sun I must return, 
The journey's long, my home
Is far -- here, it is not.

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REVIEW OF "COMPASSION: THE TRUTH AT THE HEART OF THE UNIVERSE"

By Dara Eklund

A beautiful anthology has come our way that expresses the heart
and voice of Compassion, "viewed through the prism of Theosophy."
Chris Bartzokas, the editor and compiler, has released the book
through his new publishing firm, Philaletheians, meaning the
seekers of truth since the Third Century A.D. (Bartzokas, M.D.,
Dr. C.A., editor. COMPASSION: THE TRUTH AT THE HEART OF OUR
UNIVERSE (Wales, United Kingdom: Philaletheians, 2005), 356
pages, hardback.)

The threads of thought upon altruism, virtue, sacrifice, and
truth which run throughout make this text splendidly unique. A
number of quotations are woven together from Theosophical
sources, Plato, the Gnostics, Eastern and Western literary
classics, which require considerable pondering. Thoughts about
the Logos are culled from diverse origins, such as THE KORAN, T.
Subba Row, Cicero, THE POIMANDRES, and THE SECRET DOCTRINE. An
instance of astute parallels is HPB's long quote comparing the
Hindu Yogi who isolates himself in an impenetrable forest with a
Christian hermit in the desert. It is followed by Emerson's
quote from his essay, "Self Reliance:"

> It is easy in the world to live after the world's opinion; it is
> easy in solitude to live after our own; but the great man is he
> who in the midst of the crowd keeps with perfect sweetness the
> independence of solitude.

Elsewhere, Plotinus' ideas on emotions are compared with the
Koran's "sweet and salty seas." Quotes upon charity are chosen
from a dozen various sources such as Kant, Thomas Hobbes,
Shakespeare, Seneca, John Bunyan, and THE KEY TO THEOSOPHY. It
is the way they are woven together that strikes the observant
reader. Generally, these quotations are synopsized with bold
type captions to the left margin, while the main text is a clear
typeface legible even to elderly readers. For instance, passages
from THE BHAGAVAD GITA, are compared to similar verses in
Narada's BHAKTI-SUTRAS in two separate columns. Likewise,
passages (less convincingly but provocatively) are paralleled
from LIGHT ON THE PATH and THE VOICE OF THE SILENCE.)

The book's design is superb, with its enhanced cover photo of the
Sun (courtesy of the Sola and Heliospheric Observatory [SOHO
Spacecraft]), with an interior quotation from THE SECRET DOCTRINE
that fits it perfectly. For such a hefty volume, it opens easily
from any page, leaving the reader free to browse and reflect.
Dr. Bartzokas offers the reader extensive footnotes to find a
number of Greek and Latin quotes in their originals.

The lengthy Appendices include a brief glossary, as well as
extensive definitions of individual metaphysical terms such as
Alaya, Parabrahman, Mulaprakiti, and Fohat. The Logos is
compared to Demiurgos and Ishvara. The Logos is also expressed
in Gnostic Systems, POIMANDRES, PHILOSOPHY OF THE BHAGAVAD GITA,
and of course THE SECRET DOCTRINE. The bibliographic references
include selected editions of THE BHAGAVAD GITA, although the main
text employs W.Q. Judge's translation. Other Bhakti-Sutras are
also listed. In table form, symbolisms of the three letters in
AUM are explored according to diverse traditions. Selected
articles in THE COLLECTED WRITINGS OF H.P. BLAVATSKY are
keynoted. The Index is limited to chief terms, except under
"Humanity" where many helpful subheadings reside.

If you wish a desktop or bedside companion to inspire your day,
this may well be prescribed.

[To request a free PDF version of the book or buy a copy of the
hardback, write the author at philaletheians@yahoo.co.uk or:]

PHILALETHEIANS
Ty Ucha
Hafod Road
Gwernymynydd
Mold CH7 5JS
UNITED KINGDOM

-----------------------------------------------------------------
A TALK ABOUT THEOSOPHY

By Ella Wheeler Wilcox

[From THE PATH, January 1892, pages 307-10.]

Theosophy is undoubtedly the religion of the future. Human
intellects are growing away from creed-cumbered Christianity as
it is taught in most of the churches.

Fifty years ago, only an occasional daring soul was brave enough
to question the truth of the Trinity, or doubt the efficacy of a
vicarious atonement. Today hundreds of strong, upreaching minds
express their dissatisfaction with such a creed, and demand
something more in keeping with the progress of human
intelligence. Every thinking mind must realize that the ultimate
spiritual development of man can only be retarded by a belief
that a deathbed confession of Christ, as the Son of God, can
atone for a life of sin and selfishness.

It would be a poor method of making a young man industrious to
tell him that whatever debts he might incur, or whatever
extravagances he indulged in, a devoted relative would assume his
liabilities. The sooner the young man learns that he must toil
and suffer to pay for his excesses, the sooner he will reform his
ways.

The Chinese merchant is not allowed to continue in business
unless every debt he owes is paid at the New Year; as a
consequence, the Chinese merchant is the most honorable in the
world, and bankruptcy is seldom heard of there. It is the same
with spiritual bankruptcy. Fully impress upon a child's mind
that he must pay here and hereafter for every selfish and sinful
act. Then he will attain a higher degree of morality than one
who believes that his deeds can be washed away in Christ's blood
or paid for by generous gifts to the Church, and that he can by
sudden repentance finally be taken among Heaven's honored hosts.

Theosophy teaches the necessity of an unselfish life, in thought
as well as in deed. It tells us that we are responsible for each
word, act, and thought, and that by these words, acts, and
thoughts we are daily building ourselves perishable or permanent
mansions. We cannot put bad and poor material into our
soul-house today, and tomorrow say "Lord, I repent," and have the
slothful deed remedied.

The bad bricks must remain, but they may serve as warnings to us
in the future. It teaches us that we are part of one supreme
system, and that we are surrounded by illimitable spaces, filled
with godlike forces and powers, who will aid us to any height or
attainment if we put ourselves in harmony with them. It teaches
us that within ourselves lie undreamed-of and superhuman powers
that render us godlike in strength if we choose to develop them.
It teaches us that selfishness is the root of evil, and only in
subjugation of self can peace be attained.

"Why," exclaims the Christian, "all this is what Christianity is
at the core!"

Ah, yes, my dear Christian, all religions are the same at the
core, for the core is the essence of God's love. Christianity,
like many other religions, has grown away from the core, to a
very tough rind of creeds and dogmas.

"Do as you would be done by" is the core of Christianity, as of
Theosophy. I can count upon the fingers of one hand the church
members of my acquaintance who place this phrase higher than any
portion of the catechism or creed of their denomination, and who
regard its obedience to be of more import than the strict
observance of Sunday, or partaking of Communion, or a belief in
the Trinity.

Few of our prominent divines follow this motto to the extent of
avoiding narrow prejudices and belittling quarrels over dogmas
and creeds. The recent Church wrangles that disturbed the
spiritual nerve centers of the United States were sufficient to
turn devout natures away from modern Christianity, in search of
something more elevating and strengthening.

Theosophy has received many converts, owing to the undignified
quarrels of Christian clergymen, but alas! Theosophy has other
than true followers as well as Christianity, and already its
ranks need weeding. Fad-lovers, seekers after the marvelous,
restless souls who desire change, and sensational people who
desire to astound the world, are all crowding into the broad
aisles of Theosophy.

The man who today says, "I am a Theosophist," needs watching.

One of the founders of Theosophical Branches in America retarded
my early desires for investigation by his pretense of occult
knowledge of my personal affairs, which I know he had learned by
quizzing a mutual friend. This was followed by an exhibition of
petty jealousy and vanity that made many doubt, for a time, the
worth of a religion that could produce such leaders. This man is
no longer regarded as a Theosophist, however, although he
undoubtedly is a magician of some power.

A man who claims to be an advanced Theosophist, and who is
writing a book upon the subject, was endeavoring to enlighten me
on some intricate points of its mechanism recently. I was
interested in his assertion of having visited a friend's house in
the astral body that day, and in his description of the various
forms, he saw surrounding different people. When I detected in
him a vein of intense selfishness in the small daily matters of
life, and saw him display uncharitableness and discourtesy, I
lost my interest in his occult powers. This man cared only for
the phenomena of Theosophy, evidently, and pursued his studies
with a desire to startle, not to benefit, his kind.

It seems an unfortunate fact that such a man can develop his
occult powers to a great degree, without living up to the higher
spiritual demands of Theosophy. Yet such is the case. Without
doubt, this man could project his astral body to a distance, and
could behold mysterious forms; yet he certainly does not walk in
the noble eight-fold path to Truth, for this journey demands
among other things Right Thought, Right Speech, Right Endeavor,
Right Meditation, and Right Doctrine.

In speaking to me of a lady acquaintance, he said, "Although so
young, she is a full fledged Theosophist." The young lady
modestly assented to this, and assured me she could feel a
person's "aura" the moment she entered a room. Within a week,
however, I detected her in jealous backbiting and malicious
gossip concerning a rival who had never harmed her in any way.
It seemed a misfortune that this young lady could not detect her
own aura and improve upon it. She seemed better fitted for
Church sewing-societies than for Theosophy.

Hartmann says, "There is nothing more productive of a tendency to
develop selfishness than the development of a high degree of
intellectuality without any accompanying growth of spirituality."

I can only account for the remarkable evidences of selfishness
among some Theosophists in this way. Those who study it with the
brain only, and pursue it as a Science, are able to develop
certain hidden powers that they possess, but they also develop
intense selfishness with these powers. Such people are far more
dangerous to the progress of humanity to a higher goal than is
the creed-bound Church member, and just in the proportion as they
are stronger. It requires no strength to accept the idea of the
vicarious atonement. It requires only passive inactivity of
mind. The creed-crammed Christian mind is not progressive, and
not dangerous; but the intellectual Theosophist who has neglected
his spiritual development is a dangerous character.

I once met a pronounced Theosophist of this order, who would not
kill a mosquito because he did not believe it right to take life.
Yet he did not hesitate to take credit that belonged to others,
in a petty spirit of wanting all the glory in his vicinity. Such
a man, and the woman who disseminates scandal, are mere
pretenders in the Courts of Theosophy; however much they may have
developed their occult or intellectual powers, they should not be
allowed to represent the religion.

A research into Theosophy can bring harmful knowledge alone,
unless the spirit is developed with the mind, and made to crave
the highest good, which means the extinction of self for selfish
purposes. The true Theosophist cares little about phenomena, and
does not boast of his powers in that direction; his life is open
to the most scrutinizing investigation, and his influence is as
inspiring and comforting as the sunlight. He is a "spiritual
power for good," and delights in giving pleasure and help, and
asks no reward save his own consciousness of being an instrument
of the Powers of good.

It is impossible for the true Theosophist to feel jealousy or
envy, he holds himself responsible for every thought, because he
knows far better than any other does the power of thought. He
knows that by rigid control of his thoughts and their right
direction he can bring himself into harmony with all the forces
of the Universe and develop the God within him.

Christ was a perfect Theosophist, and the miracles he performed
were the achievements of his spirit, which was wholly in league
with the forces of beauty, light, goodness, and truth.

There is a Christ in each one of us, and the way to the true
Christ is through Theosophy.

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ABOUT GOD

By Anonymous

[From BECAUSE -- FOR THE CHILDREN WHO ASK WHY, pages 3-10.]

One Sunday morning Milton ran into Aunt Eleanor from the yard
where he and Dorothy had been playing "catch." Chester, the boy
next door, had called out to them, "You'd better stop playing
ball on Sunday. God doesn't want you to. It's bad -- and he'll
punish you, if you do."

Milton had replied, "Well, who's God? Is he a policeman?"

"Bigger'n that," said Chester. "And he made the whole world and
everything."

"H'm -- well, who made God?" was Milton's question.

Chester said, "I've got to go now."

As he turned toward the house, Milton whispered to Dorothy, "I
just think I'll go ask Aunt Eleanor about this God man of
Chester's."

Dorothy said, "I guess there must be SOME God, anyway. I heard
Papa and Mamma talking about God one day, and they said they
didn't want to tell us about the kind of a God they had had
taught to them, and we'd better find out about such things for
ourselves."

"Well, I guess it must be time to find out now, sister. Do YOU
believe it's wrong to play 'catch' on Sunday because somebody
says so? Aunt Eleanor will know, if anybody does."

Aunt Eleanor was reading when he came in, but she put her book
down when she saw Milton's face all one eager question mark.

"What is it now, son?" she smiled at him.

"Why, Aunt Eleanor, Chester says God will punish us if we play
ball on Sunday. Please, IS it wrong to play ball on Sunday --
and who is God, anyway?"

"One at a time," laughed Aunt Eleanor. "Especially as your last
question might be answered forever and not be done. But now,
let's see -- before we answer your first question, can't we find
out what IS doing right -- and what IS doing wrong?

"That is really a big question in itself, Milton. It is easy to
say -- what is true -- that what harms no one in the world cannot
be wrong; and to say that what helps and serves all others --
oneself included -- must be right. But, in the end, everyone has
to decide for himself what his own actions must be, and, often
what would be quite wrong for one person in his place would be
quite right for another in his. So, it can't be the matter of a
DAY, Sunday or any other day, that makes right or wrong, can it?"

"No, I see that, Auntie. But, why does Chester pick out Sunday
to be so 'specially good in?"

"Well, it is supposed by most so-called 'Christian' people that
there was a great Being who made the world in six days, and
rested on the seventh. And so they, too, spent the seventh day
in rest, or rather in worshipping this Being whom they called
God. Believing this, the wickedest people have been known to
cease from their particular sins at twelve o'clock Saturday
night, and return to them again promptly twenty-four hours after,
because of their fear of punishment by 'God,' if they practiced
this sin on the Sabbath!

"But, as a matter of fact, no one Being created our wonderful
earth, out of NOTHING, as some people think. The earth is made
up of myriads of beings of many kinds and degrees; besides, there
are the human beings who people it. And it took all these beings
together millions and billions of years to make the earth as we
see it; or, we might say, for the earth to become -- to GROW as
it is. In all these many years of becoming, there were times,
like ours of day and night -- now, when there was much action
going on, as by day, and, following it, a time of EQUAL LENGTH,
like our night, when no action went on. Sabbath means, really, a
period of rest equal to the day of action before it. So, if we
were doing strictly as the Bible indicates, we should work seven
days and rest another seven! The people who worshipped this
'God,' such as Chester's is, simply misunderstood the Bible
story, and felt they were doing after God's example to take the
seventh day for rest and worship. Some day, I must surely tell
you more of how worlds are made, for it is a wonderful story.

"The one day taken for rest out of all the seven, however, is a
great help to all of us. Thousands of people do nothing but
drudge except for that one day. And it is wise to do then things
not done the rest of the week. So, we get a change, and
freshened up for the ordinary daily round of duties. But, any
act, done any day, for the good of all others, is right; while
doing it on Sunday makes it neither more right nor more wrong.
Only, see, when we come back to Chester! If Chester played ball
on Sunday, when he thinks it is wrong, when it would be a cause
of disturbance to his parents who also think it wrong -- why, of
course, he would be doing wrong to play. The same act would not
be wrong for you in your place, because you know it does not
annoy those who are taking care of you, and who even prefer that
you should take that exercise."

"Then God doesn't have the say of what's right or wrong, Auntie?"

"Well, now, you see, we have to know what God is. I said each
one must decide for himself what is right or wrong. Each one
must think for himself. Each one really IS a Thinker -- a
Perceiver -- looking on all things, yet himself the same
Perceiver, the same one who thinks. That is the only God we can
ever know, who can ever punish us. It's not a God outside. We
ourselves -- those Perceivers -- are really God. We punish
ourselves -- we reward ourselves -- whether we realize it or not
-- and we cannot escape either the reward or the punishment.
Especially must we never forget that it's the same God in every
person we know or meet or hear of."

"But is it always there, Aunt Eleanor? Did I have it when I was a
baby, and will I have it next year just the same as now?"

"It IS always and always, dear. You don't have it, because it's
really what you ARE. Aren't you Milton, just the same now that
you were when you were a baby? And next year, you won't be anyone
else but Milton, will you? You'll know more then than you do now,
of course, but the Milton who knows the more is just the same
Milton who can know ten times as much and still be the same
Milton."

"But I'll be taller then, Aunt Eleanor, and stronger?"

"Your body will, dear child. But I'm trying to tell you that YOU
are not that body. Don't you see, you can't be, because if you
were, you would be somebody else when you got into long trousers?
And in fact, there won't be a bit of your body as it is now in
the body you will have when that time comes."

"But why does my body change so?"

"Well, dear, do you know there is nothing under the sun that does
not change excepting that one thing which you ARE -- that one
thing Dorothy is -- the one thing I am -- and everyone else is.
I say, it is the Perceiver. And there is another name others
call it -- Consciousness -- God, indeed; only you see, it is not
at all the large-sized man-God that Chester thinks. It is really
this God -- this Consciousness -- this Perceiver -- this Inner
part of ours that makes the changes in our bodies. We do not
realize it -- but it is That which causes everything to be done."

"Does That tell us what is the right thing to eat? Is it -- when
we want something so awfully our mouths water -- THAT tells us?"

"Exactly. If our tastes are not dulled by artificial foods. And
our bodies are made from the food we eat. It is really a
wonderful story -- how the little thinkers all through our bodies
set about their work and do it for us. People call them cells,
and membranes, and tissues, and many other things, but they, too,
are Thinkers in their way."

"Oh, Auntie, do you mean EVERYTHING is a Thinker?"

"Everything, dear, in the wide, wide world. Only there are
different kinds of thinking. The stone doesn't think as much as
the plant, you see. The plant doesn't think as much as the
animal 'thinks,' and not even the most intelligent animal thinks
as you do, dear, because it doesn't know it is thinking. It
doesn't know, for instance, even that it IS an animal and that
you are a boy."

"But won't he sometime ever know?"

"Not 'HE,' for, you see, there isn't any 'he' there! A 'he' could
say, 'I am'; and if it could say, 'I am an animal,' it wouldn't
be an animal!"

"Oh, my, then, Aunt Eleanor, what IS an animal, anyway?"

"That is a deeper question than many people suppose, Milton. But
let us take it this way: we all live in a universe of Life, and
there is, indeed, no better word for 'God' than Life. In this
universe of Life are many grades, just as in a school, and
calling the mineral kingdom the first grade, there are even forms
of life not yet able to enter that grade; calling human beings
the last grade, there are beings who have gone even beyond that!
In between the first and last grades comes the animal grade, that
is, there is Life moving and acting in animal forms. And,
sometime, the Life in the animal forms will enter the human
grade; though the animal GRADE will be there just the same, into
which the Life may advance from the vegetable grade. So, when we
say animal, I think we mean a form of life, with all the
intelligence of the lower grades, and the additional power of
being able to MOVE where it wants. The stone doesn't move of
itself, you know, and the plant must stay by its root, but the
animal is not confined in its motion."

"Why, their bodies can move around just as our bodies do, can't
they?"

"Yes, but their 'minds' can't move about as our minds can. They
can't think, for instance, of doing something next week, or of
what they did last month."

"Then it's the MIND-motion that makes us different from animals?
Then the 'God' in us is just the same God or Life as in the
animals, only in us It knows it knows?"

"Yes, that is the whole story of Life, dear -- the EVER-GROWING,
the EVER-BECOMING something bigger and better and wiser. But
enough 'mind-motion' on such deep things for this time, son.
Now, run and play. Boys and girls need to keep their 'animal'
motion going, too, if they would be happy and healthy and wise."

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THE RELIGION OF WILLIAM BLAKE

By John Middleton Murry

[From THE ARYAN PATH, November 1932, pages 738-44.]

With William Blake, we must take a plunge: the quicker the
better. So I take the plunge from his four most famous lines.
They have for their title -- and their title is important --
"Auguries of Innocence."

> To see a World in a grain of sand
> And a Heaven in a wild flower
> Hold Infinity in the palm of your hand
> And Eternity in an hour.

The lines are familiar, even fashionable. But how does one see
"a World in a grain of sand?"

The problem is simple. Is Blake asking us to see something that
is in a grain of sand or something that is not in it? The answer
to the problem is equally simple, and emphatic. We are required
to see something that actually is in a grain of sand.

Blake would have agreed that it did not always happen. Many
days, he could not see it himself. For instance,

> When you are under the dominion of a jealous Female
> Unpermanent for ever because of Love and Jealousy
> You shall want all the Minute Particulars of Life.

"Minute Particulars." Blake was very keen about them above all at
the time -- in his old age -- when he was composing "Jerusalem,"
from which these words are taken. "Minute Particulars." Change
but a syllable, and you have "minute particles" -- almost exactly
"grains of sand."

There is no deception. Blake himself shall speak -- from
"Jerusalem" again on page 31. Los, who is the Imagination, looks
upon the Fallen Man, Albion. Los and Albion are not two persons.
They are the regenerative and unregenerated parts of the one
Universal Man. Los explores the fallen Man of whom he is himself
the imaginative part.

> Los took his globe of fire to search the interiors of Albion's
> Bosom, in all the Terrors of friendship entering the caves . . .
> And saw every Minute Particular of Albion degraded and murdered
> But saw not by whom; they were hidden within in the minute
>    particulars
> Of which they had possessed Themselves . . . But Los
> Search'd in vain; closed from the minutia, he walked difficult.

Imagination finds the going hard except through the Minute
Particulars, and these have been possessed, degraded, and
murdered by an unknown power. Now remember that Albion -- the
Eternal Man in his fallen state -- is also England: not really
England, but England serves as a symbol to articulate The Fallen
Man. So

> Los came down from Highgate through Hackney and Holloway
>    towards London
> Till he came to old Stratford and thence to Stepney and the isle
> Of Leutha's dogs, thence through the narrows of the River's side
> And saw every minute particular: the jewels of Albion running 
>    down
> The kennels of the streets and lanes as if they were abhorr'd
> Every Universal Form was become barren mountains of moral
> Virtue, and every Minute Particular harden'd into grains of sand
> And all the tendernesses of the soul cast forth as filth and 
>    mire.

The immediate point of my quotation is to show in what, for
Blake, the fall of the Fallen Man consists: first, in his
Universal Forms becoming barren mountains of moral virtue and
second in "his Minute Particulars hardening into grains of sand."
This was the fall of the Fallen Man.

The Fall consists in the Minute Particulars being hardened, by
some malignant agency, into grains of sand. So we have a clue,
at least, to the real meaning of the first Augury of Innocence.

> To see a World in a grain of sand.

This is the Redemption: the changing back of the grain of sand
into the Minute Particular that it really is. When that happens,
we have the first Augury of Innocence. So we begin to see why
the word "Augury" is used. It is a harbinger of Innocence to
come. And that is very important. Blake is not speaking as he
is almost always supposed to be speaking, of the actual innocence
of the child in these famous lines; he is speaking of the
regained Innocence of the Fallen Man. He is saying: "When you
can see a world in a grain of sand -- the world that is actually
in it; when you can see a heaven in a wild flower -- the heaven
that is actually there to see -- then you know that your
Redemption is nigh. You are regaining Innocence." And as we
could have corroborated the heaven in a wild flower by "Behold
the lilies of the field" -- so we corroborate the meaning of
Auguries of Innocence by "Except ye become as little children ye
shall in no wise enter the Kingdom of Heaven."

Of course, Jesus, like Blake, was talking to grown men. He was
speaking of a second Innocence: redemption of the Fallen Man.
And of course, like Blake, he was speaking of it as something
that happens here and now -- not at some far-off time, in some
far-off Kingdom -- but now, at this moment, here.

And Blake's final symbolism for this redemption from the Fall,
this rebirth into Innocence, is intimately connected with his
vision of Minute Particulars. For him, the Fall of Man consists
in his losing this vision of the Minute Particulars; the
Redemption consists in his regaining the vision. It is hardly an
exaggeration to say that this is the total message of Blake. He
enforces it through a thousand forms of recondite imagery, but it
all comes back to this simple and mysterious happening.

Now when Blake says that the Fall of Man consists in his losing
the vision of the Minute Particulars, does he mean that Man has
actually LOST that vision? Does he mean that at some time in his
actual life, Man possessed that vision, and now it is gone? The
answer is "Yes," and "No." And that is the true answer, which
distinguishes Blake, like Keats from Wordsworth, for whom the
vision splendid fades as we enter further into the life of the
world, and can only be recaptured in fitful evanescent moments.
But Wordsworth could never rid himself of the thought of Annette,
or overcome his own sense of sin. He could not attain, as Blake
did, that level of experience from which a man can see his past
with naked eyes and accept it and know ALL experience as good;
that spiritual condition in which even one's own Minute
Particulars can be known and loved.

For the doctrine of Minute Particulars applies not merely to the
world out there, the objective world, but also to the world in
here, the subjective world. We have to be able to see a world in
OUR grains of sand -- the separate experiences of our lives.
That is Blake's meaning in the passage quoted.

> Every Universal Form was become barren mountains of moral
>    virtue
> And every Minute Particular harden'd into grains of sand
> And all the tendernesses of the soul cast forth as filth and 
>    mire.

"All the tendernesses of the soul cast forth as filth and mire."
That is what Blake would have said to Wordsworth striving to cast
the memory of Annette, as a foul thing, from his soul.

Blake's religion of the Minute Particulars is a terribly
subversive religion. It takes us clean beyond "good and evil."
It is indeed aimed directly against the religion of "good and
evil." It begins indeed, in Blake's own words, "with a marriage
of Heaven and Hell." Now when that great discovery fell upon him,
and his eyes were opened, he did what Nietzsche did at a like
moment, he nakedly proclaimed an absolute reversal of values.

> Without Contraries is no progression. Attraction and
> Repulsion, Reason and Energy, Love and Hate, are necessary to
>    Human existence.
> From these contraries spring what the religions call
> Good and Evil.
> Good is the passive that obeys Reason. Evil is the active
>    springing from Energy.

And again:

> The reason Milton wrote in fetters when he wrote of
> Angels and God, and at liberty when he wrote of Devils and
>    Hell, is because he was a true Poet and of the
> Devil's party without knowing it.

So, the true Poet -- which is Blake's name for the man of
creative genius -- is necessarily "evil," what Goethe called the
"demonic" man. Thus, to take the instance that was of decisive
importance to Blake himself -- the instance of Jesus -- the last
thing it is generally desired to remember about him was what a
profoundly revolutionary spirit he was. He was, within the most
completely religious society in the world in his lifetime, a
complete rebel: a complete criminal. That, we say to ourselves,
or others say to us, is because the Jews were an evil and
adulterous generation, which is, of course, ridiculous nonsense.
In fact, the Jews of his day were a more religious society than
we English are.

In what did the rebellion -- the creative newness -- of Jesus
consist? Blake was quite clear in his own mind about this: it is
the theme of "The Everlasting Gospel."

> If moral virtue was Christianity
> Christ's pretensions were all vanity;
> And Caiaphas and Pilate men
> Praiseworthy . . .

That is how it begins. And if this is true, it follows that the
Churches have turned Christianity into the very thing that Jesus
fought. And that was Blake's conviction. He came to be
absolutely convinced that he understood the true teaching of
Jesus, and the moment he was convinced of that, he absolutely
devoted himself, in body and soul, to propagating the true
gospel. Unless this be grasped, the whole of "Milton," the whole
of "Jerusalem," all the lovely visions of the Book of Job, will
be meaningless.

It is remarkable that there are no less than six substantial
versions of "The Everlasting Gospel." I do not suppose Blake was
satisfied with any of them. Perhaps he was attempting the
impossible -- to give a complete description of the Jesus who was
real to him. The two things he wishes to stress are perfectly
clear: The first of them is this: that Jesus was a rebel -- that
he was imbued not with the Reason that is Good, but with the
Energy that is Evil.

> Was Jesus born of a Virgin pure
> With narrow soul and looks demure?
> If He intended to take on Sin
> The Mother should an harlot been . . .
> Or what was it which He took on
> That He might bring salvation?
> A Body subject to be tempted
> From neither pain nor grief exempted?
> Or such a body as might not feel
> The passions that with sinners deal?
> Yes, but they say He never fell.
> Ask Caiaphas, for he can tell.

Caiaphas speaks:

> He mock'd the Sabbath, and He mock'd
> The Sabbath's God, and He unlock'd
> The evil spirits from their shrines
> And turn'd Fishermen to divines;
> O'erturned the tent of secret sins
> And its Golden cords and pins . . .
> "Obey your parents!" -- What says He?
> "Woman, what have I to do with thee?
> No earthly parents I, confess:
> I am doing My Father's business."
> He scorn'd Earth's parents, scorned Earth's God,
> And mock'd the one and the other's Rod;
> His seventy Disciples sent
> Against Religion and Government . . .
> He left His Father's trade to roam
> A wand'ring vagrant without home;
> And thus He others' labour stole
> That He might live above control.
> The publicans and harlots He
> Selected for His company,
> And from the Adulteress turn'd away
> God's righteous law, that lost its prey.

But the supreme offence -- this is the second of the two points
that is stressed in every version of "The Everlasting Gospel" --
is that Jesus utterly abolished the Law.

> The Moral Virtues in their pride
> Did o'er the world triumphant ride
> In Wars and Sacrifice for sin,
> And souls to Hell ran trooping in . . .
> The Accuser, Holy God of All
> THIS Pharisaic Worldly Ball
> Amidst them in his Glory Beams
> Upon the Rivers and the Streams
> Then Jesus rose and said to me:
> "Thy Sins are all forgiven Thee"
> Loud Pilate Howl'd, loud Caiaphas yell'd
> When they the Gospel Light beheld.
> It was when Jesus said to me
> "Thy sins are all forgiven Thee."

That sounds innocuous, and almost Orthodox. But Blake happens to
be speaking not of something that happened long ago, or something
that will happen hereafter. He is speaking of the here and now
-- of "all THIS Pharisaic Worldly Ball," where Moral Virtue and
the Law reign supreme. And what is more, he is identifying
himself with Jesus. Pilate and Caiaphas are HIS judges; Satan,
the great Accuser, is the Holy God.

Who then is the Jesus who acquits Blake, accused by the Christian
God of moral virtue, who is Satan? If Blake has identified
himself with Jesus, then who is the Jesus who declares that his
sins are forgiven? The answer is the inevitable one. It is Blake
himself. But not Blake in his own ego. For it is not merely
presumption, but a downright spiritual impossibility for a man in
his own ego to forgive himself. The Eternal Man in Blake himself
who forgives his own sins, and Blake's name for this Eternal Man,
in himself and other men, is Jesus.

But far more important to Blake, as it was probably far more
important to Jesus himself, was the fact that this Eternal Man
was Everyman. He was, so to speak, a condition that every man
could attain to -- the condition wherein, in Tchehov's words,
"all things are forgiven, and it would be strange not to
forgive." And this condition is an impersonal condition. Jesus
himself never said, "I forgive you." He said, "You are forgiven."
For the profound and simple fact is that "forgiveness" is not of
the ego, not of the self, at all. Where the condition of
"forgiveness" is, there the ego is not. And this profound and
simple fact is the reason why Jesus, who discovered this
condition of "forgiveness" in himself, or rather through himself,
was compelled to attribute it to God. For Jesus, this condition
WAS God.

Now, manifestly, if the condition of "forgiveness," the condition
of the Eternal Man, is one that negates the condition of the
"ego," then it follows that the way to achieve it is by an
annihilation of the "ego," or the self, as Blake calls it. The
self is the home of Good and Evil; it is that which makes
judgments of Good and Evil. And Blake's particular name for the
self is the Specter -- he calls it the Specter because the act of
judgment is deadly and because it can be exorcised or made to
vanish away, because the act of judgment is only a Negation. It
denies this, as evil, and asserts that, as good. Now perhaps we
can understand what Blake is trying to say in "Milton" (page 46):

> All that can be annihilated must be annihilated
> That the Children of Jerusalem may be redeemed from slavery.
> There is a Negation, and there is a Contrary:
> The Negation must be destroy'd to redeem the Contraries.
> The Negation is the Spectre, the Reasoning Power in Man:
> This is a false body, an Incrustation over my Immortal
> Spirit, a Selfhood which must be put off and annihilated
>    always.
> To cleanse the Face of my Spirit by self-examination
> To bathe in the waters of Life, to wash off the Not Human,
> I come in Self-annihilation and the grandeur of Inspiration.

It is nominally Milton who speaks, but it is Milton's spirit that
has descended from Eternity and entered into Blake. In fact, it
is simply the Eternal Man who speaks. Blake has created this
Milton: he has, by his own participation in the Eternal Man,
"redeemed" Milton.

The Contraries are Good and Evil, and the Negation is that which
judges them as Good and Evil. Annihilate the Negation, and the
Contraries are "redeemed." Good and Evil become both positive, in
the sense that "Without Contraries there is no Progression" -- no
Life. Good and Evil, and the Negation (or the Specter) which
maintains them in that deadly fixation: -- these constitute the
threefold, or Sexual, Man. And, as Blake says on the fourth page
of Milton, "The Sexual is Threefold, the Human is Fourfold." And
the Human is Fourfold, because it has become the home of the
Eternal Man, who is born first by the annihilation of the
Specter, and the consequent redemption of the Contraries.

When the Contraries are redeemed, the Specter that has been
annihilated is also redeemed, and once redeemed, there is no
longer any harm in it, for it is recognized simply as an
inevitable and necessary condition of existence in time. Though
annihilated, it still exists, and the Eternal Man serenely
acknowledges and accepts it.

But, as Goethe said, we conquer our eternity from day to day.
The mere fact that we must live in a world of Good and Evil,
where incessant judgments of Good and Evil are a condition of
life, makes it necessary that the fourfold Human should ever be
on his guard against any partial "incrustation of the Immortal
Spirit by the False Body of the Selfhood."

This is what Blake means when he says that this False Body of the
Selfhood "must be put off and annihilated ALWAYS." No REAL
relapse into the Threefold Sexual is ever again possible, once
the Specter has been annihilated, and restored by the Spirit into
a disciplined and harmonious existence: nevertheless, the
supremacy of the Spirit has to be asserted continuously in life,
paradoxical though that may sound. And this conflict in time
between the Threefold Sexual and the Fourfold Human, this
usurpation of the place of the Spirit by the Specter, is
precisely the happening in which, for Blake, consists the Fall of
Man regarded as an eternal event.

In his symbolism, Urthona is Spirit, Urizen the Specter or
Reason, and the rebellion of Urizen against Urthona and the
usurpation of Urthona's rightful throne by Urizen is the great
drama of the soul to which Blake in his prophetic books
constantly returns. Thus, the Fall of Man consists in the
disruption of the fourfold Human, and the consequent degeneration
into the threefold Sexual. The Negation is established, and the
Contraries become sterile opposites. This, in Blake's view, is
the condition of human beings until they are regenerated.

But -- this is important -- this Fall of Man is not an event in
time. As far as I can see, Blake did not at any time really
believe that the individual had been fourfold and Human, and had
fallen -- whether at birth, or at the end of age of childish
innocence -- into the threefold sexual. In other words, the
regeneration of the threefold into the fourfold Man was not a
return to any former condition, it was the achievement of a
creatively new condition. But this condition was so manifestly
the goal of human life, that it seemed to Blake that it must be
the essence, the fundamental reality of human life. As essence,
it was eternal. Therefore, it could be symbolically represented
as the condition from which Man fell.

This brings us, hard and sharp, against the mystery of the
relation of Eternity to Time. And I am glad to say, it brings us
up against it from the right direction -- from the only direction
in which the mystery of Time and Eternity appears the pregnant
mystery it veritably is and not a barren intellectual paradox.
Actual experience is the only solution of that mystery; and to
actual experience, it simply ceases to be mysterious.

Any one who knows at first hand the condition of the Fourfold
Human is perfectly clear about the relation between Time and
Eternity; and no one else can be. Such a man will know without
my telling him that Eternity is in the here and now: and he will
know that since it is always the discovery of an individual
experience, there are as many ways of expressing it as there are
people who discover it. Thus, when Blake says, simply and
beautifully, "Eternity is in love with the productions of Time,"
he is saying precisely what Spinoza said with equal simplicity
and beauty when he said that "sub specie aeternitatis omnis
existentia est perfectio," or again precisely what Keats said:

> Beauty is Truth, Truth Beauty, that is all
> Ye know on earth, and all ye need to know.

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RELATIONS WITH MASTERS

By Alexander Fullerton

[From THE PATH, January 1894, pages 306-10.]

One of the first experiences of a new Theosophist just acquainted
with the doctrine of Masters is a desire to be brought into
contact with Them. Yet there can be no fitness, no claim, and
the desire is born rather of curiosity or a natural ambition for
a rare privilege. As acquaintance with real Theosophy expands,
the desire abates, for the fact is perceived both that the
privilege has not been earned and that its bestowal would be
premature.

Then with clearer views as to the actual functions of Masters and
as to the immediate duty before the aspirant, comes full
conviction that ample resources of ordinary kind exist for
present light and strength, as also that relations will arise
when, and only when, Masters discern both the need and the right.
It may even be said that the fitter the preparation the less the
desire, since increasing humility from sense of shortcoming
averts the supposition that relations can be yet possible.

In a previous article there were stated the class to whom Masters
vouchsafe proof of Their existence, and also Their object in so
doing. The class is of those who have been zealous, faithful
servants in Masters' Cause, and the object was needed help,
sympathy, encouragement, or stimulus. What degree of service
warrants the manifestation is of course a question for the donors
alone to decide. No one else, the recipients least of all, is in
position to conjecture.

Evidently relations may be, as to the workers, conscious or
unconscious. The former would exist, in minor form, wherever a
Master, by whatever method of communication He might be pleased
to adopt, made clear the fact that He had observed the worker,
had approved his devotion, and felt for him interest and care.
Such an assurance would demonstrate several things; -- that
earnest service was certain to attract attention; that it would,
when of sufficient amount to justify notice, receive it; that the
interest would never cease while the service was maintained; and
that it would be sure to manifest whenever circumstances called
for help, sympathy, or active sustentation.

At a more advanced stage -- Chelaship, the connection would be of
course distinctly avowed and the Chela is admitted to closer
union, but how the avowal would be made, and what terms exacted,
and what rules prescribed, must be unknown to us who are without
this experience.

But unconscious relations may be just as real. They probably
exist in every case where a human soul senses the value of
spiritual things and feels an impulse to secure them, for the
first flutter of spiritual life must be instantly discerned and
welcomed by Those whose mission it is to disseminate such life
throughout humanity and to foster its progress. Hence, every
aspiration connects with Masters and ensures responsive aid.
When it so far asserts itself as to lead to active philanthropic
work, particularly if in the Society that Masters have
established as Their special agency for the spread of the Wisdom
Religion at this era, the subject of it is brought more directly
(as it is termed) within Their "ray," and thus is affected by the
forceful warmth that streams along that.

Ideas arise from time to time within his mind that seem quite
normal to its usual workings, but which really have been sown
there by a Superior; impulses start from no obvious cause, yet
the actual cause is not suspected; affairs prosper, but are
accounted for on ordinary grounds of energy and persistence.
That a Master may be tracing out the course and facilitating its
pursuance does not occur to the pilgrim. Yet all the time that
influence may be at work, and, if it is unopposed by counter
ones, may lead on to a stage of service and of merit where the
unconscious help may be revealed to consciousness. Thus, as in
evolution universally, there is the incipience of life, the
gradual invigoration of that life, its emergence into active
function, its efflorescence in visibility, its recognition as a
fact.

But let us suppose that spiritual vitality, accompanied with that
unselfish effort for others that is its evidence and test, has so
far progressed that recognition of it is appropriate. Still
there needs an occasion not less so. A superfluous demonstration
would be counter to that wise law of economy ruling here as
elsewhere in Nature. Masters, we are told, are "readjusters,"
not continual interferers at every point and allowing no play to
spontaneous movement or to maturing character, but wise overseers
who interpose only when interposition is needful to avoid costly
loss, to prevent serious mistake, to correct error, to recover
from depression, to confer necessary strength, to give
encouragement, to assuage doubt, to suggest duty, to arouse
assurance.

So long as men are fallible they are liable to exhibit
fallibility, but thorough devotion gives Karmic claim to help
against the fallibility's becoming disastrous and impairing the
devotion. At the point where weakness threatens disaster and
where Karmic right entitles to assistance, is an epoch justifying
a disclosure from Masters. If everything is going well and if no
adequate capital of merit has been accumulated, there is no
reason for manifestation: in the converse condition, the reason
is ample.

How, at such a point, is the manifestation made? Assuredly, no
one can presume to enumerate all modes, or even apparently fix
limits to the action of Masters. There must be many means of
which no one short of Mastership can conjecture. Yet in
published Theosophical works, and in confidential utterances to
others from Theosophists thus honored, it is certain that among
those modes there must be (a) a message sent through an equally
zealous member with an organism psychically fitted for receiving
and transmitting it; (b) a written communication from a member
already in relations with Masters and receiving direction to
write it; (c) a written communication through and by an actual
Chela acting under orders; (d) a direct message given by a known
Chela and avowedly as message from a Master; (e) a precipitated
paper effectuated directly by a Master or by a High Chela thus
instructed; (f) vocal utterances through the physical body of a
proper subject temporarily overshadowed or even fully occupied by
a Master; (g) a communication by a Master himself to the interior
being of the recipient, it being seized by intuition and by use
of inner faculties. There is of course still another case (h),
that where a Master personally appears and speaks; but as this is
known only in exceptional instances or where Chelaship actually
exists, it has no place in the matter now considered.

To describe tests of genuineness in any or all the above modes
must here be impracticable. Much depends upon what the recipient
antecedently knows of the transcriber or writer; much upon the
circumstances of the specific case; much upon the intuition of
the recipient; very much upon the character of the communication.
The present treatment is only of cases where genuineness is amply
evidenced to the one concerned.

The immediate effect of such a message is a mixture of humbleness
and encouragement: humbleness that so much imperfection still
survives in one so honored, encouragement at the knowledge that a
Master has deemed him worthy of His notice. The avowal of the
notice is an avowal that relations exist, but as they only exist
because of the worthiness thus indicated, the succeeding
perception is first, that they will exist only so long as the
worthiness is maintained, second, that they will be annulled
whenever that worthiness sinks below the necessary level. Hence
follows the conviction that the relations are henceforth on the
responsibility solely of the disciple, the Master having already
signified His readiness to continue them and the disciple being
therefore the one to determine whether his conduct shall make
possible the continuance. He has been invested with a privilege:
it is for him to preserve or to forfeit it.

Succedent thereupon is a two-fold condition within. There is a
new sense of the reality of Masters as a working factor in
Theosophical life, and a very deep and heart-touching realization
that the recipient's course has been upon the right path, imbued
with the right motive, and thus far successful in its purport.
His impulses have not been misguided, nor his aspirations
visionary, nor his work deficient: all have been endorsed by an
authority abundantly capable. Distrust would be both groundless
and disrespectful; even uncertainty may be thrown away as unjust.
The other conviction is of profound resolution that the course
that has received such endorsement shall be pursued, that the
relations it has evoked shall be maintained. And thus the effect
of a conscious tie to Masters is a union of encouragement with
determination.

As conscious relation with Masters is far more than a valued
honor, being really of incalculable importance in spiritual
progression, the question of its extension and strengthening has
enormous moment. Obviously, anything that is incongruous with
it, whether of interest, memory, imagination, desire, thought,
whether in habits, pursuits, speech, action, needs abandonment as
setting up vibrations not concordant and therefore hostile.

Men are not perfect beings: if they were, they would not be here:
and Masters do not expect a perfection that is necessarily
nonexistent. But they do expect at least an honest effort to
correct all vibrations that antagonize Their presence and Their
influence, even though human weakness ensures occasional slips.
And in this correction, as otherwise, Their help is pledged to
each such effort. Furthermore, the strengthening of the tie is
greatly aided by frequent meditation upon Them and an attempt to
sense vividly Their nearness, for this actualizes Them in the
mind, gives Them reality as living presences around and within,
makes the tie more close and palpable. Thought, as Theosophy
ever emphasizes, is a most potent agent, creating forms,
vivifying them, perpetuating them. And when exercised upon
existing entities such as Masters, it gives them interior
reality, force, influence. Daily the hindrances to their aid
abate, the relation becomes habitual, the consciousness of it
normal.

How shall relations with Masters be attained? Simply through the
performance of duty. There is no other recipe for any good. But
duty is a highly inclusive term. It means all that is owed to
oneself and one's Higher Nature, all of self-discipline and
purification and advance; and it means all that is owed to
others, to generous help of the race, to the work of the
Theosophical Society. It covers all obligations, but its
fulfillment secures all blessings.

Are relations with Masters to be avowed? Certainly never for
self-satisfaction, even less for pride or glory. Such a state of
mind would vitiate them at once. It cannot be said that at no
time, in no circumstances, for no purpose, may this be done, for
ESOTERIC BUDDHISM and not a few other Theosophical publications
have had of necessity their groundwork in such relations, but for
ordinary Theosophists, not called by obvious duty to proffer
personal experience in support of doctrine, there is a silence
that is golden. It is no hardship, since the more sacred of
life's chapters are not opened on the highway; it is not useless,
since it avoids cavil by the jealous and the scoffing; and it is
not unwarranted, since the most richly endowed of men are the
least assertive or proclamatory, -- the very Masters Themselves.

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THE ETHICAL INFLUENCE OF A BELIEF IN REINCARNATION

By Leoline L. Wright

[From REINCARNATION: A LOST CHORD IN MODERN THOUGHT, pages
51-63.]

A survey of our world of today suggests that the keynote of these
times might be appropriately regarded as irresponsible
individualism. Anything, almost, which contributes to the "free
development of personality" would appear to be allowable. And
the results, as we see them recorded in the daily press or meet
them in our vain efforts at moral and social reform, are
deplorable.

We need a new basis for the ethical education of the individual.
Churches, educational institutions, social service measures,
prison reform, all are useful: they serve to keep things going.
But until the individual CHILD can be trained from infancy to a
rational, heart-satisfying philosophy of life, growing out of the
facts of Nature itself, there will be no constructive, lasting
improvement in the moral character of our civilization.

Such a rational and well-nigh irresistible basis for education
and living is offered in Theosophy. Reincarnation is but one of
the many comprehensive and searching truths that it contains.
Every one of the laws it points out anew to man is grounded in
Nature, and evidence for the existence of these laws is drawn
from our experiences of the life around us. There is no science
or philosophy in the Western world today, outside of Theosophy,
which can explain life itself or show an inevitable basis in
Nature for morals and ethics. Theosophy, if one will study it
conscientiously and fairly as one would study chemistry or music
in the hope of mastering either, will solve our every problem.
It will give a purpose to all living and an individual objective
both satisfactory and inspiring.

Reincarnation -- which, as already said, means the periodic
rebirth of the Reincarnating ego as a human being on this earth
until it has exhausted the earth's evolutionary possibilities for
it -- is but one aspect of the general law of reembodiment.
Reembodiment itself is an expression of the universal rhythm of
life -- that "law" or HABIT of cyclic progression in the Universe
that we see manifested everywhere as ebb and flow, night and day,
sleeping and waking, life and death, the rise and fall of the
seasons, the birth, growth, and decay of nations.

Let us now examine what a belief in Reincarnation ethically
implies. First, it changes a man's idea of himself. Probably he
will think first of his own past. He accepts the idea that he
has lived many times and thus must have had a share -- no matter
how important or even how obscure it may have been -- in building
some of the great civilizations of Earth. This gives him a sense
of spaciousness, of really being somebody, which our modern
standardized living and the "born in sin" teaching had almost
crushed out of him. Perhaps he has lost faith in religion. But
Theosophy will give him a deep, inner vision of the Heart of the
Universe, that glorious Sun of Universal Being of which every
creature is a ray in its inmost essence. He will come gradually
to feel his oneness with this Universal Life; and so the
religious instinct will be reborn in his heart and he will be
consoled and uplifted by a sense of union with the Heart of
Divinity.

Later he will look around at his environment in this new light,
realizing now that it is just what he prepared for himself in a
former life. And a feeling of creative moral energy is born.
WHY NOT CHANGE IT, BETTER IT, SINCE HE HAS THE POWER? Initiative
springs up in him, and the beginning of a regenerated activity.
Next, he will turn to his relationships: his friends and -- his
enemies. Who are these people? Mere casual attachments? Why, no;
of course not. They are his associates of eternity! Even this
man he so heartily dislikes -- that is because he has disliked
him before in past lives, and the dislike has been growing, until
now it fairly darkens his pleasure in life. Is this to go on
increasing through all his future lives, leading to what dark
ending no one can divine? Thinking like this, he will begin to
see the matter as his own problem rather than one of environment,
and nine men out of ten will put all their moral ingenuity into
solving it. And he will enjoy working it out. It is quite
likely that he will end in understanding and loving the one who
is now a mere thorn in the flesh; and far from wishing to see the
last of him he will be added to the number of those who are to
pass onward and upward with him to the next stage of evolution.

Marriage appears, under the pressure of modern conditions, to be
growing more complicated and difficult with every decade. There
is a sense of impermanence about it. Young people have no
teaching that shows them any way to connect sex-life with ethical
law. Sex is one of the facts of human existence that seems
always to have defied moral law; so much so that many who are
sound at heart have given up in despair before the contradictions
involved in this problem. Nowhere else, perhaps, do we drift as
helplessly as in this one relation.

But young people who accept reincarnation come to realize that
sex inheres only in the impermanent and perishable part of them,
the lower personality; and that happiness that is permanent,
which lasts in its essentials for always, belongs to the divine,
imperishable Reincarnating Ego. They will be led to test this
teaching by study in history and biography, by observation in the
lives of those around them; by trying it out in thought and
action in their own difficulties. In doing this they will make
wonderful discoveries concerning the more enduring aspects of
companionship and love that, could they be assured to the youth
of the world, would revolutionize society.

Of course, too, young people who believe that they have been
together before in other lives and that their present
difficulties are the outcome of mistakes in the past on earth;
and that is they slide out of the situation now it will only be
postponing the settlement -- aggravated the next time by compound
karmic interest -- such young people will have the common sense
instinct to tackle the problem at once and work it out to a happy
ending. As for the harmonious marriages we need only observe
that in all human relationships and all forms of enduring love,
the teaching of reincarnation throws a yet more beautiful and
sacred light upon the reality of any true partnership in the
higher purposes of evolution. But to make marriage real the love
upon which it is built must have its source in the spiritual
nature. So it is seen that a belief in reincarnation, when truly
studied and understood, puts an end to all drifting, which is
such a prevailing moral weakness of today.

Then how differently do the parents who believe in reincarnation
regard their children, from the usual parent, who thinks either
that his children "belong" to him or looks upon them merely as
the chance-born product of animal evolution. For Theosophy
brings into the home the beautiful light of the essential
Divinity of man. The birth of a child in the home of those who
so believe is not a mere "occurrence"; it is a divine event. The
being about to reincarnate is returning from the Heaven-world and
brings the atmosphere of a holier and purer sphere into the lives
of those to whom it is entrusted. Both mother and father share
in one of the deepest and most sacred mysteries of life. So they
will not only prepare themselves to give their children the
highest possible vehicles for their reentry into this earth-life,
but they will undertake with joy that wider preparation for wise
and sympathetic guidance of their children through their karmic
problems inherited from their past incarnations, of which they
are themselves such an important part. How much they can do for
their children's and their own evolution in this spirit can
easily be seen by the thoughtful inquirer. And one need not do
much thinking to understand what such an attitude can mean in the
lives of both parents and children. These ideas have been most
wonderfully expressed by Katherine Tingley in THE WINE OF LIFE:

> A home established on these lines would have within it indeed the
> Kingdom of Heaven. Storms might rage without: trials, poverty,
> struggles, tragedies, disappointments of all kinds, might assail
> its peace from without; but no matter how many or how great they
> might be, they could not daunt the builders of this home; who
> have within, heaven, reflected in a home-life that is the
> expression of the Higher Law. Their children would be born into
> the wonder of the new happiness with which its atmosphere would
> be filled. Before the birth of each, they would prepare for it
> in much more than the ordinary sense. They married
> understandingly, this couple; with knowledge of the laws of life;
> they were companions, and not merely lovers. A child is born to
> them, but their states of mind were fashioning its character
> before it saw the light; the influence of all the harmony, peace,
> hope, courage that they have brought into their lives was
> preparing for it a larger, broader path than is common, and an
> environment fit for a soul to live in; so that it finds itself
> after birth not exiled in this world, but at once at home in its
> surroundings.

We understand, when looking into the fundamental laws from which
reincarnation springs, that evolution is a moral -- a spiritual,
rather than a mere physical process. Physical evolution is but
the outermost and least important side of the matter. Of what
use ultimately, a healthy and beautiful body if used for evil
ends? And how many invalids, and even people who are perhaps
outwardly unattractive have contributed treasures of inspiration
to the world's need! We have only to recall Socrates or Dante to
see the fallacy of the popular point of view. It is indeed a
well-known fact that physical perfection has never been necessary
and seldom present in cases of moral and intellectual genius. On
the other hand, how frequently it happens that physical beauty is
a source of misfortune or moral backsliding. Character is the
spiritual fabric woven by evolution. It is the only thing we can
take out of life when we go: it is what we bring back as our
heritage from the past when we return to incarnation on earth.

The whole modern philosophy of eat, drink, and be merry, for
tomorrow we die, has grown out of the loss of realization that we
are imperishable spiritual beings in our innermost.
Materialistic science has educated the present generation to
regard themselves largely as highly developed offshoots of the
ape-family. The demoralizing effect of this teaching found
nothing in religion with the authority of life and nature back of
it that could counteract its degenerative influence. That was
one of the main reasons why the Mahatmas started the Theosophical
Society through H.P. Blavatsky when this materialistic influence
was approaching its apex in the last century. Theosophy has been
steadily at work now for a century. Not only its published
teaching but also its potent invisible thought-influence has
united with the spiritual instincts of humanity to free us
gradually from this nightmare reaction against the superstitions
of the past.

Theosophy shows the true spiritual ideal of evolution and its
practical working out in all sides of life -- spiritual,
intellectual, moral, and physical. In reincarnation, the ethical
side of evolution is seen to be paramount, for here justice,
moral consequences, and growth in spiritual power are the
decisive influences. None can develop the best within himself
unless he grows spiritually. A power gained through lives of
effort and used merely for selfish gratification withers, for it
will be checked in later lives by the effects in suffering and
difficulties of environment consequent upon that very
selfishness. And the teaching of reincarnation makes it clear
that the best way to make genius and character permanent and
divine is to consecrate them to the service of humanity. It is
in such wise that the great Saviors of history have been able to
sway the minds and hearts of whole races of men.

We must not leave this subject without noticing another important
ethical effect of this belief, and that is in the lives of old
people. The great majority look with dread upon the coming of
old age for, to most, if it does not mean either feebleness or
actual physical and mental deterioration, at least it entails
being "put upon the shelf." But Theosophy shows why it is that
old age should be a most important part of life, as the following
helps us to understand:

> The Reincarnating Ego or "soul" is not really fully incarnated
> until some rather short time before the physical body dies; which
> means that there is a constant and unceasing possibility for
> physical, mental, and spiritual development almost to the time of
> the dissolution of the physical body. In other words, . . .
> old age is not, as is sometimes foolishly supposed, incapable of
> learning, and merely a distressing period in human existence
> where all the best is past and the future holds no hope except
> the bliss of dying. The exact reverse of this is true, for,
> theoretically at least, up to a short time before physical
> dissolution a man SHOULD progress steadily in both spiritual and
> intellectual power and faculty.
>
> -- G. de Purucker, THE ESOTERIC TRADITION, 894

These words bring indeed a new and heartening message for us all.
The wise ancients recognized this truth in maintaining that young
men were for action and the old for counsel. One of the
tragedies of modern life is the disproportion between the roles
of youth and even of middle age -- but the truth of reincarnation
as presented in the passage above restores the balance. This is
yet another case where the teachings of Theosophy give back hope,
dignity, and happiness to discouraged humanity.

We must however not overlook the fact that to realize at its best
this ideal for old age it is necessary to live so in harmony with
the divine in youth and middle age that old age may be the
perfect harvest of this earlier spiritual development. Yet even
so, an aging man or woman, meeting Theosophy for the first time,
will find the practice of its teachings a wonderful creative
power to restore purpose and energy and stimulate spiritual
advancement in the years that remain.

Above all else, reincarnation demonstrates that Brotherhood is
the great reality of the universe. It is the basic and the
supreme fact of nature. It governs all things in both their
essence and their evolution. The first of all the elementary
propositions of the Ancient Wisdom, Theosophy, stresses this
universal essential unity. The most fundamental error that can
be made is to deny either directly in thought or word or
indirectly in action this truth of the utter oneness in essence
of all beings. It is, we might almost say, to deny the Divine
Source in which we all live, move, and have our being. In THE
SECRET DOCTRINE H.P. Blavatsky has given us the foundation in
spiritual Nature of this truth. She establishes

> The fundamental unity of all souls with the Universal Oversoul
> . . . and the obligatory pilgrimage for every soul -- a spark of
> the former -- through the Cycle of Necessity, in accordance with
> Cyclic and Karmic Law . . . The pivotal doctrine of the
> Esoteric Philosophy admits no privileges or special gifts in man,
> save those won by his own Ego through personal effort and merit
> throughout a long series of metempsychoses and reincarnations.
> (Metempsychosis is a word of wider meaning than reincarnation.
> It refers to the reembodiment of the Spiritual Ego in other
> spheres than that of earth -- in the inner, spiritual worlds.)
>
> -- H.P. Blavatsky, THE SECRET DOCTRINE, I, 17

We thus see that all creatures have the same origin in the
Universal One Life. Man at present is working out the purpose of
his evolution through the Cycle of Necessity called on this earth
reincarnation. In these facts, we see the basic equality of all
beings in origin, growth, and destiny. For at the very heart of
everyone, of whatever grade or degree of evolution, there dwells
a god-spark, a beam of the Oversoul, or the Universal Life. In
the kingdoms below man, this god-spark burns with but a feeble,
instinctual light. In man, it has increased and thrown out a
self-conscious ray that lights his path clearly when he will let
it and makes of him a responsible moral being. In the Mahatmas,
this god-spark has expanded into the light of semi-godhood,
self-conscious union with the One Life; and in those Beings
beyond and above the Mahatmas the spark has gloriously flamed out
into pure godhood. So on and up the mighty Stairway of Being
that mounts out of the reach of our present spiritual vision and
disappears into the glory of the invisible worlds.

The most beautiful side of this teaching lies in the essential
responsibility of the higher for those less evolved. The gods
brood over all planes of being, shedding inspiration and life
upon the whole. The Mahatmas, their self-evolved servants, are
first of all Helpers and Elder Brothers of humanity, and although
they have graduated from human life and its lessons and might
pass on to higher spheres of evolution if they wished, they
choose to remain near humanity to foster its spiritual
development, helping the gods in their protection and guidance of
men. From time to time, as already said, the Mahatmas send out
Messengers to teach in a new form the ancient truths of the
Universe that during the course of ages have become distorted or
forgotten. H.P. Blavatsky was such a Messenger and the
Theosophical Society is the channel through which the Ancient
Wisdom, Theosophy, after having been lost to the Western world
for almost twenty centuries, is again restored to mankind.

A further development of this aspect of Universal Brotherhood in
connection with reincarnation lies in man's own individual
responsibility to the kingdoms next beneath him in evolution. In
reference to the constant change and flux among the atoms forming
our bodies, and in their dissolution and transmigration after
man's physical death, the following is related to the above idea:

> Man's emanations thus build up the animal world; the animals feed
> on these life-atoms of many kinds; physical, vital, astral,
> mental, and what not . . . These life-streams issuing from him
> give life and evolutionary impulse and characteristics to the
> entities of the kingdoms below the human, because these subhuman
> kingdoms are the evolved productions of the thoughts and vital
> emanations of the human race.
>
> -- G. de Purucker, GOLDEN PRECEPTS

Brotherhood, then, is not merely an ideal or just a sentiment,
but is a living fact. And all of our collective miseries can be
traced to ignorance that brotherhood actually is a law of our
being. Not understanding this we are forever disturbing, by
selfishness of all kinds, the harmonious development of ourselves
and of the race. It is through reincarnation, checked and guided
by karma and helped by our Elder Brothers and those above them,
that humanity at last learns the supreme lesson of human
evolution -- that only through selflessness and impersonal love
can man achieve freedom, happiness, and power.

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